These stripes are what earned the garter snake its name because people described the stripes as resembling those on a garter. The back is typically olive green although it may appear almost yellow close to the belly. Thus, the common nicknames "horned snake" and "stinging snake." Plain black coloration with a lighter underside. Startled as it crossed a foot path, the serpent immediately slithered toward a nearby tree and made its escape heading straight up the trunk. Snakes can be removed from in houses, basements, garages, and all other places a snake may invade a home or business. It has no distinct markings. Pigmy rattlesnakes, as their name would imply, are miniature rattlesnakes. Scarlet snakes are non venomous and usually 14-20 inches in length. While waiting for prey, they will remain in a coiled position, sometimes for up to three weeks. The corn snake, (Pantherophis guttatus guttatus) lives in the southeastern United States, and is distinguished by having brownish-red skin with orange/red saddles, the saddles having black borders, and usually a black and white underbelly. On the neck are typically three spots, though they may fuse and appear as a collar. Like most other North American water snakes, diamondback water snakes are extremely aggressive and will bite hard and repeatedly if cornered. (Photo/Nick Scobel). Timber rattlesnakes are heavy-bodied snakes with a broad head that is distinct from its narrow neck. It is sometimes mistaken for a black racer or black pine snake. Their belly has light spots resembling half-moons against a uniform gray or brown background. A timber rattlesnake is one of the most venomous snakes of Alabama. These snakes have keeled scales. The Southern water snake is a non-venomous snake normally less than 4 feet in length. They seek shelter in rock outcrops and under logs. The head is black with a light collar. (Wikimedia). Three prominent, red, longitudinal stripes contrast against a black to bluish back. Roof Rat: Hundreds of years ago, the roof rat was introduced into the United States by hitchhiking on ships coming from other countries where they were common. The dorsal surface of the snake is characterized by black-bordered red saddles with alternating smaller blotches of the same color located laterally. Individuals may vary from light gray anteriorly to rusty-brown posteriorly. Belly is white with boxlike dark gray to brownish blotches and dark spots that become stripes under the tail. The mud snake is very docile and refuses to bite, but its habit of pressing the spine-like tip of the tail against the captor's skin gives rise to the misconception that the mud snake can sting. The ringneck snake is a small, slender snake that can reach a length of about 18 inches, though some have been captured up to 24 inches (average 10 to 15 inches). (Photo/Scott Gravette). Rough green snakes are particularly abundant along the edges of ponds or streams where they can be found in the overhanging branches of trees and shrubs. Females are generally larger than males. Rough green snakes are fairly long, slender snakes with long tapering tails. Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement, Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement, and Your California Privacy Rights (each updated 1/1/21). Adult body lengths usually range from 3 to 5 feet. This snake inhabits open woodlands and patches of savanna or rocky terrain in the midst of forested country. The coloration of this species varies from blackish to yellowish to pinkish, or grayish with dark, bent crossbands aligned along the dorsal length of its body. Body moderately stout, but head only slightly wider than neck. Adult lengths are typically 14 to 21 inches. Mole kingsnakes have dark brown or reddish, saddle-like blotches along their back; along its side are additional blotches that alternate in spacing with the dorsal pattern. They are generally dark above - olive, brown, or black. When encountered, the diamondback will often remain motionless until a threat is perceived or the snake is actually touched. All rights reserved (About Us). All of the members of the ratsnake family are non-venomous. This member of the genus Nerodia is unusual in that it is the only striped member of the group. There are two subspecies of Pantherophis guttatus: 1. Most snakes encountered here are rat snakes, which are very common and aren’t venomous, but the state’s six venomous snakes may also be encountered.” Secor said the state’s six venomous snakes are copperheads, coral snakes, water moccasins/cottonmouths, pigmy rattlesnakes, timber rattlesnakes and eastern diamondback rattlesnakes. You saw them often in the Ozarks, and people (Wikimedia). The color is gray to light brown or reddish brown. Sometimes referred to as "ground rattlers", they range in length from 15 to 24 inches at maturity, and when in a coiled position are roughly the size of a loblolly pine cone. The Red Cornsnake is a medium-sized to rather large snake attaining a maximum length of about 72 inches. Scales smooth, in 15 rows near mid-body, and anal plate divided. They can grow to over 5 feet long. This snake was a solid six feet long, his body bearing the classic alternating bands of light gray and white scales typical of rat snakes in Alabama. Queen snakes are highly aquatic snakes most commonly found in smaller streams and rivers with moving water, but can also be found in ponds and lakes. Listed below is a guide to help you identify snakes by predominant color. Lip scales are uniformly yellowish or white with no markings between them. The gulf salt marsh snake's belly is darker in color, but has a conspicuous light stripe down the center. Adults mainly feed on mice and eggs, but will also eat birds, insects, rats, bats and other small mammals. Turns out experts with the Alabama Herpetological Society say it was a “harmless grey ratsnake." The Prairie Kingsnake an attain a length more than 4.5 feet Head scarcely larger than neck and somewhat depressed. The Eastern Indigo Snake is a large, stout bodied, non-poisonous snake the can reach seven feet in length. Intergrades east of Mobile Bay with Florida pine snake. (Photo/Tom VanderVelde). They are thick bodied snakes that may reach 46 inches in length, but usually are 20-30 inches long. Diamondback water snakes are relatively large, thick bodied snakes. © 2021 Advance Local Media LLC. They sometimes take to the water in pursuit of prey. They usually are 1 inch or less in diameter. They do, however, have a row of scales between the eyes and lips which positively identifies them. here is some question as to whether the species can be found in Alabama. You can reach him via email at [email protected] They are usually between three and five feet long, but some individuals may reach lengths of more than six feet. The U.S. state of Alabama is home to 93 indigenous reptile species, not including subspecies.Indigenous species include one species of crocodilian, 12 lizard species, 49 snake species, and 31 turtle species. Namely, snakes dropping onto you as you walk beneath a tree. The snake is smooth scaled with a uniform blue-black color. a professor of biological sciences at Utah State University who specializes in the biology of snakes Community Rules apply to all content you upload or otherwise submit to this site. The Brown Snake is common essentially statewide, but lack of records from much of southeastern Coastal Plain may reflect actual scarcity or absence there. Dark "hourglass cross bands" are common to both species. Typically, these snakes have three yellow stripes running down the length of their backs, but the stripes are sometimes reddish and sometimes closer to white than yellow. Higher population densities exist in dry coastal plain woodlands, but rough earth snakes may be found on exposed, rocky, wooded hillsides as well as in heavily timbered uplands and valleys. (Wikimedia). Highly aquatic, glossy crayfish snakes can be observed in many different wetland types but may be most often encountered in areas with a high density of aquatic vegetation and mucky substrates. Hoover Rat Removal. A conspicuous inhabitant of ponds, lakes, and streams, and the most frequently encountered water snake in the northern two-thirds of Alabama. Also known as: Water moccasin. Ringneck snakes are found in wooded, terrestrial type habitats, commonly under objects such as stumps, logs and leaf litter, and can be found in gardens, flower beds and occasionally in salt marshes. Gulf salt marsh snakes inhabit coastal salt marshes and brackish estuaries. The Black Speckled Kingsnake is dark brown to black with a white, yellow, or cream-colored spot in the center of nearly all dorsal scales. Although it has been documented in the Perdido River, Alabama's boundary with Florida, specimens within Alabama proper have been identified as the very similar Western Green Watersnake. Plain-bellied water snakes are relatively large, thick bodied, harmless, semi-aquatic snakes. The Black Pine Snake is rare and possibly endangered in southern Pine Plains and Hills region west of Mobile Bay. (Wikimedia). Eastern milk snakes are medium sized snakes that range in total length from 24-52 inches. DESCRIPTION: A large, moderately stout snake attaining a maximum length of about 101 inches. The worm snake primarily eats earthworms. Two stripes typically are brown while two stripes are lighter tan or yellowish in color. (Wikimedia). Community Rules apply to all content you upload or otherwise submit to this site. Photo about A Gray Rat Snake (Elaphe obsoleta) at Monte Sano State Park in northern Alabama. Color is a common name applied to many of the species as well as the Black Racer. In fact eleven different subspecies inhabit almost every state in the lower 48 states. Easily distinguished by smooth, polished, black to dark brown scales on back and sides brightly overlaid with a series of 23 to 52 narrow, cream, or yellow transverse bands. Snakes are found in all regions in Alabama, from the northern mountains … The Ribbon Snake has a sequence of 19 keeled scales, which are rough to the touch with a ridge in the center of each scale. Black rat snake. This species is often mistaken for the cottonmouth, but the venomous pit viper has boxy and triangular shaped head. This snake frequents canals, ditches, cypress ponds, lakes, and swamps, especially those with lush vegetation. The Great Plains rat snake or Emory's rat snake (Pantherophis guttatus emoryi) is found in the United States from Nebraska to Colorado, and into north… I once eliminated a 6-foot-4-inch “black snake” at my back door. Gray Rat Snake. However, the light spots periodically align across the back of most individuals from Alabama to create thin cross bands at regular intervals down the back. Scarlet snakes are found in forested habitats having dry sandy soils. The belly is plain white or cream-colored. The Rainbow Snake is one of the most beautiful snakes in Alabama. Their color varies, sometimes reddish brown, brown, or gray, and may be any shade between. (Wikimedia). (Wikimedia). The dorsal (top) surface of these snakes typically is gray to tan in color with black bordered dark gray or brownish blotches (red in juveniles) down the back with similar smaller blotches on sides of the body. It can be also found near the farms and in the urban areas. Their red bands are wider than are their black and yellow bands. Montgomery Rat Removal is a very common pest problem and a common complaint received in the areas of Montgomery Alabama. It is black with traces of yellow or white spots, or bands above and has a white throat. It can grow to 90 inches. Tis snake prefers pen areas with early vegetation, especially habitats subjected to occasional fire, preferred as are dry, forested, or partially forested areas where soil is fairly sandy or loose and gravelly. Often makes a startlingly loud hissing sound when cornered and frightened. Alabama has an abundance of snakes, from venomous pit vipers like copperheads or rattlers, to harmless snakes like rat snakes and garter snakes. The indigo snake is a stout, slow-moving snake. All rights reserved (About Us). One of Alabama's most common snakes north of Buhrstone/Lime Hills. A thoroughly aroused cottonmouth throws its head upward and backward and holds its mouth wide open, revealing a white interior - the origin of the name cottonmouth. (Wikimedia). This snake has a highly variable color pattern. Found in wooded groves, rocky hillsides, meadowlands, around springs, woodlots, barnyards and abandoned houses. The Midland Snake is a heavy bodied aquatic snake which can be commonly confused with the venomous Cottonmouth/Water Moccasin. Dorsal ground color white, cream, yellowish, or gray, with 25-31 dark blotches. Worm snakes greatly resemble earthworms which is how they got their name. The eastern ribbon snake is a small nonvenomous snake that gets its name from its very thin body. The patterning is relatively non-descript and the snake generally appears to be a uniform dark or dull green with the color becoming lighter on the snake's sides. When vibrated for a warning, the rattle is often difficult to hear and has been compared to the sound of an insect buzzing. Usually brown in color but can vary from gray to olive green, with three dark stripes which are faint running along the upper body and yellow or golden stripe along the lower sides of the body. This is a large and bulky animal, reaching lengths of over six feet. The black racer is a relatively long and slender snake. There are multiple members of the ratsnake family in Alabama, including the gorgeous orange and red cornsnake, and the black ratsnake, but mostly I encounter the gray version. This species is found in a variety of habitats including everglades prairies, palmetto-pine flatwoods, sandhills, mixed pine-hardwood forests, borders of cypress ponds, and in the vicinity of lakes and marshes. (Wikimedia). The gray ratsnake, gray rat snake or chicken snake (Pantherophis spiloides, formerly Elaphis spiloides) is a common large snake native to the Eastern United States and southeastern Canada.They are non-venomous and considered beneficial as they prey on rodent pests. Coachwhip's bellies are of the same color as their backs, but sometimes have two rows of black dots running lengthwise of the body. Their bellies vary from dark gray to black, and some white frequently occurs on the chin and throat. A couple narrow stripes may be seen running down the length of the body. The color varies from a dark brown to a pinkish brown on the back and almost always with a pinkish belly. Its vibrant colors of red black and yellow make it one of the most beautiful snakes found in Alabama. The scarlet kingsnake is a non venomous small snake rarely reaching lengths of more than two feet. Their coloration varies from almost uniformly black, to brown, to olive, or grey; or they may have irregular patterns of dark blotches down the back, alternating with dark spots on each side. (Wikimedia). Gulf saltmarsh snakes are medium-sized water snakes reaching a maximum length of 36 inches, though most individuals encountered are 30 inches or less in length. A relatively small aquatic snake with a slender body measuring 15-24 inches long. For those of you who are scared of snakes, the video will provide you with a whole new fear. Dark bands may be visible on both the snake's back and sides, particularly in younger snakes. Found in dry, upland habitats. Mole kingsnakes likely feed on a wide variety of small mammals, lizards, and other similar-sized prey. They also have a prominent sharp tip on the tail which is probably used for digging. Additional dark squarish markings extend upwards from their belly onto the sides of their body between the dorsal blotches. (Photo/ Noah Mueller). Both the yellow and red rings are surrounded by black rings so the red and yellow rings never touch. Their belly is light-colored with darker blotches some of which are shaped like a half moon. The garter snake's coloration varies greatly across its geographic range. Note to readers: if you purchase something through one of our affiliate links we may earn a commission. These snakes are non-venomous, however, so their bite is relatively harmless. It belongs to a group of snakes commonly called "pit vipers". Mud snakes are large aquatic snakes that attain lengths up to 80 inches, but generally are 40 to 65 inches in length. Jan 2, 2013 - This board is dedicated to the wonderful snakes found in the area where I live, Alabama!!. Browse 490 rat snake stock photos and images available, or search for black rat snake or eastern rat snake to find more great stock photos and pictures. Rat snakes are members – along with kingsnakes, milk snakes, vine snakes and indigo snakes – of the subfamily Colubrinae of the family Colubridae. The topside of the snake contains the characteristic yellow diamond shapes surrounding black and brown centers. Scales are keeled. Eastern coachwhips are nonpoisonous snakes. The Glossy Crayfish Snake is a small and slender snake. The eastern diamondback rattlesnake is the largest species of rattlesnake in the world. The scales of the mud snake are smooth, with a glossy black color on the dorsal and a bright red or pink and black checkerboard pattern on the ventral. The belly is light colored with two rows of dark spots that unite to become one as they approach the animal's throat. 24/7 Cell Phone: 205-803-6098 The body is unpatterned and may be peach, tan, or light brown. The intervals between the saddles are white, cream, yellowish, or gray in color. The longest one on record was almost 70 inches long. It was quite amazing to watch, as the bulk of his body weight dropped several feet, and yet he didn’t fall. Rough earth snakes are small fairly slender snakes, ranging from 7 to 12" in length. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Advance Local. Southern water snakes feed on a variety of aquatic prey to include frogs, small fish, crayfish; tadpoles, and salamanders. Belly usually checkered or mottled with black and yellow. Timber rattlesnakes eat small mammals such as mice, chipmunks, squirrels, and occasionally frogs and birds. (Photo/Scott Thompson). More Alabama Colubrid Snakes. Buy newspaper front pages, posters and more. Rat snakes are found from Florida north to New England, and east through Texas and Nebraska. Collected from ponds by pulling dense aquatic vegetation on to shore, or by inspecting under boards and debris near the edges of ponds. Adults average 50-72 inches long, but have been recorded up to 102 inches in length. Once he was up in the canopy, the snake moved from limb to limb and even tree to tree as easily as if he was slithering along the ground. The gray ratsnake, often referred to as the “chicken snake” or the “rat snake”, is the most common snake found to enter homes in Tennessee, Kentucky, South Carolina, Florida, North Carolina, Ohio, Virginia, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Arkansas. You’ll see as he manages to hold on to the limb with just his tail. The Eastern Wood Snake is common statewide. The gray rat subspecies is slightly smaller than the black rat, attaining a maximum length of only about 84 inches. (Photo/Richard Dowling). The tip of their tail contains a very small delicate rattle or button that is not much wider than the end of the tail itself. HIGHEST CONSERVATION CONCERN. Black rat snake is a non-venomous, medium-sized, yet powerful constrictor endemic to central North America. A lighter to darker cross-banding pattern may be seen, especially on the sides. The belly is plain white or cream-colored. Eastern garter snakes are small to medium sized. Image of biology, environmental, reptilian - 15542462 The eastern smooth earthsnake is a small, slightly stout, plain-colored snake with a conical head. Summary 6 The gray ratsnake or gray rat snake (Pantherophis spiloides), also known as the central ratsnake, is a member of the genus Pantherophis in the subfamily Colubrinae. (Photo/Glenn Bartolotti). These include the eastern indigo snake, southern hognose snake and the mimic glass lizard. General ground color varies from tan to brownish gray. You can watch Ben’s most recent documentary, The Underwater Forest, here on Youtube. Southeastern crowned snakes feed primarily on soft bodied invertebrates, including worms and termites. The caption info under each photo offers a physical description of the snake, the habitat they prefer, and what they eat. Pit vipers have a set of well developed fangs capable of injecting venom. Often encountered around human dwellings and erroneously called "ground rattler." Rat snakes are found throughout the eastern United States and have a highly variable color pattern. Snakes can be removed from in houses, basements, garages, and all other places a snake may invade a home or business. The Copperhead has a head that is noticeably wider than the neck. Mud snakes inhabit swamps, marshes, ponds, and slow moving mud-bottom streams. This snake often has squared reddish belly spots and is sometimes confused with the cottonmouth - which in contrast, has no reddish belly spots. Copperheads have elliptical pupils. Coachwhips are slender bodied snakes relative to their length. The tail of the Ribbon snake accounts for about one third of total body length. The western rat snake has one of the largest distributions of all common rat snakes. But rat snake coils are sloppier, looking a little more like scaly pretzels knotted around their prey. As is typical of pit vipers, pigmy rattlesnakes are venomous snakes and prefer to sit and wait for prey to pass by. But they also feed on other small rodents, birds, frogs and reptiles. A light colored Y or V-shaped patch is present on the nape of the neck or the back of the head. Within the genus Pantherophis, which includes ratsnakes, corn snakes, and fox snakes, the gray ratsnake is one of ten species.. Distribution 7 Global Range: West of the Apalachicola River and the Appalachian Mountains … (Photo/Richard Dowling). (Wikimedia). It has a slate blue to gray-black body. The Florida Pine Snake is one of Alabama's largest snakes. Juveniles feed mainly on lizards and small frogs. I was amazed at the agility he displayed, even on the smallest limbs. Their pupils are round. They will also feed on small salamanders, slugs, snails and insect larvae. The maximum recorded length is 24 inches. (Wikimedia). They sometimes are found in brackish waters along the gulf coast. Adult snakes usually vary in length from 30 to 48 inches up to a maximum of 74 inches. (Photo/John D. Wilson). My wife, Shannon, a little alarmed by all the ratsnake skins found in our barn. The Southern water snake also has a dark stripe extending from the eye to the corner of its mouth. Plain-bellied water snakes can be found in a variety of aquatic habitats, but are most common in larger, more permanent bodies of water such as rivers, swamps, marshes, and ponds. See more ideas about snake, reptiles and amphibians, reptiles. They are excellent at climbing, and can even use mortar lines in between bricks to scale up the side of a home, often reaching sizes of 40″-70″ in … They can be found in northern New York down through Georgia, and west across Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana. They get this name because of a pit, or tiny hole, located between the eye and nostril. The most distinguishing feature is its sharply upturned and pointed snout. The underside of their tail is usually a lighter color than the rest of their belly. Adults are light tan with darker squarish brown blotches down their back. The belly is a yellow to orange with a single row of black half-moons down its midline. Rough green snakes are a uniform bright green color with an ivory or off white belly and a pale white throat. Snake Control Experts are trained to catch both venomous and nonvenomous snakes. Color patterns on the body consist of a row of large squarish, dark blotches down the back alternating with smaller blotches on the sides. Their scales are keeled and the anal scale is divided. The Western Earth Snake is a small, slightly stout, plain-colored snake with a conical head. Many species make attractive and docile pets and one, the corn snake, is one of the most popular reptile petsin the world. The large and distinctive head is marked with a dark band extending obliquely from each eye to the lips. Their scales are keeled and there are 25-33 dorsal scale rows at midbody. Status: Lowest conservation concern. Some bands may be broken and often terminate, or are linked together, on the lower sides. The belly is generally yellowish to white. Adult timber rattlesnakes average 36 to 60 inches in total length and are venomous snakes. Dry areas such as old fields, forest openings and hardwood hammocks are also utilized. The rattle is composed of hollow, interlocking segments that click against each other when the tail vibrates. So, it is not surprising that roof rats are now often found in Southern Alabama and around the port cities. Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement, Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement, and Your California Privacy Rights (each updated 1/1/21). Its head is small, somewhat flattened with a rounded snout and is darker in color than the rest of the body. The head of an eastern rat snake is … (Wikimedia). Their large eyes have round pupils and are shielded from above by projecting ridges of scale. They have large heads with strong jaws. They are green to brown with some darker pigmentation on their dorsal (top) side. (Photo/David Rogues). They inhabit uplands and wetlands as well as many habitat types in between. Eastern hognose snakes are sometimes referred to as "puff adders". Mississippi green water snakes are medium sized snakes, 30-45 inches in length, and no distinctive field marks. Two men at work Monday spotted two snakes that originally some thought was a python. Adults are yellowish gray or light brown in color, often with orange-red tinges on the back. (Wikimedia). Rough green snakes are found in a variety of habitats. (Photo/Mark Bailey). They typically tame quick and are often kept as pets. The gray rat snake has a gray background color with brown to dark gray blotches. (Photo/Dagmar Thurmond). Alabama has an abundance of snakes, from venomous pit vipers like copperheads or rattlers, to harmless snakes like rat snakes and garter snakes. (Wikimedia). On many specimens a reddish dorsal stripe runs between the crossbands. Beware snakes in trees! Many of these snakes live in urban or neighborhood settings in the city of Birmingham. (Wikimedia). Lengths up to 5 feet have been reported. 2. Belly has black square blotches infused peripherally between the red, ventral scales. They are one of three "tricolored"snakes found in Alabama. The velvety black tail is short and thick, tipped with a tan rattle. A defensive posture is a coiled position with rattle erect, buzzing, and head near center of the coil. Gray rat snake is a species of non-venomous snake that belongs to the colubrid family. Midland Water Snakes are ommon statewide, except southernmost portions of Coastal Plain, where apparently confined to immediate vicinity of Conecuh, Yellow, and Choctawhatchee Rivers.
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